Kent Veterinary Center


410-928-5700

Several advanced scientific therapies for previously untreatable joint disease and equine injuries have been introduced into equine veterinary medicine over the last decade.  Veterinarians use PRP and stem cell therapies to manipulate the body’s biological mechanisms to stimulate healing.

There is ongoing research for these therapies and new information is gathered each day. While the promise of cure is very exciting for both veterinary professionals and horse owners, it is important for the owner to understand the science behind each therapy in order to have a reasonable expectation for success.


 PLATELET RICH PLASMA

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a product that is derived from your horse’s own blood.  Platelets are loaded with numerous growth factors that are released upon platelet activation. Large amounts of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and platelet derived growth factor and smaller amounts of insulin-like growth factor (IGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and TGF-αare released upon activation. These growth factors and others act synergistically to enhance access of healthy inflammatory cells to the area of tissue injury, formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), formation of new connective tissue (fibroplasia) and regeneration of skin (re-epithelialization).

 

PRP has been most commonly used to treat tendon and ligament injuries. The goal of treatment is to accelerate and improve the quality of healing. In addition, PRP is being used intra-articular (in the joint) to treat osteoarthritis.